THE METHODICAL SHOOTING OF BOYS AT WORK IN GAZA BY ISRAELI OCCUPATION FORCE SNIPERS

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Hiam is one of four Children we brought to CT for treatment. Hiam lost an eye to an Israeli sniper while she walked along a quiet street holding her mother's hand (Gaza; picture in upper right is before prosthetic eye)

Our Silence is complicity

Shooting boys at work is nothing new for Israel, nor is shooting anyone else.  The U.S. FBI calls snipers who kill for sadistic pleasure “Long Distance Serial Killers (LDSK),” just another name for snipers who suffer from a criminal, sadistic psychopathology.  I’m not sure I could live with myself if I shot out a girl’s eye, or a protester’s or any one’s. I’m quite sure the snipers in the Israeli Occupation Force sleep well in their smug assurance that they are carrying out God’s will.  These are children. And Palestinians are human beings. What blinds you to this understanding, IOF? I really would like an answer.

By David S Halpin (FRCS) Formerly, orthopaedic and trauma surgeon at the Torbay and Exeter Hospitals Devon UK

Introduction

The deliberate injury of the limbs of 23 boys by high velocity weapons has been logged and described by Defence for Children International – Palestine Branch (DCI-P) since March 2010. (1)  Some of the facts have been published in national newspapers.  These barbarous acts contravene international and national law but there are no judicial responses.  The caring professions see the physical and mental pain of those who suffer and they should be in the vanguard in calling for this great cruelty to cease forthwith.  Political leaders have failed to act.  The Geneva Conventions Act 1957, which is of central importance in holding war criminals to account in the jurisdiction of the UK, is being emasculated.

Context

Most of the 1.5 million population of the Gaza strip is impoverished.  Half are refugees from Mandate Palestine or  their children.  About 50% of the male population is without work.  It has been isolated and occupied for decades.  A commercial port was being built in 2000 but that was bombed by Israel.  The isolation and the hobbling of its commerce was increased by a siege which was started in March 2006 in response to the election of a majority of Hamas members to the legislature.  It was further tightened in June 2007 after the Hamas government pre-empted a coup by the Fatah faction that was led in Gaza by Mohammad Dahlan.

See also Israeli sniper bullet takes 12-year-old girl’s life

The misery was further deepened with ‘Operation Cast Lead’ that was unleashed 27/12/08.  This was promised 29/02/08 (2).  “The more Qassam fire intensifies and the rockets reach a longer range, [the Palestinians] will bring upon themselves a bigger shoah (holocaust) because we will use all our might to defend ourselves.” – Matan Vilnai  Deputy Defence Minister to Israeli Army Radio.  There was a massive bombardment which killed 220 adults and children in the first 15 minutes.  This was followed by a full scale invasion.  1400 humans were killed and approximately 5000 injured physically.  The minds of very many more were injured too.  4000 homes were totally destroyed, almost all the factories and 40 mosques.  The two gleaming science blocks of the Islamic University  of Gaza were flattened by very powerful thermobaric bombs, the blasts being heard throughout the 360 square kilometres of the Gaza ‘Strip’.  The siege has been even more draconian since.  Cement, ballast and steel rods are only let in at about 5% of the rate needed for rebuilding, the pretext being that ‘bunkers’ could be constructed.  At the present rate it will take 78 years to rebuild Gaza. (3)  Chocolate, writing paper and all manner of things have been blocked.  The 1,000 tunnels at Rafah have provided a way in for goods but in the face of bombing and roof falls.

See also Israel’s dirty secrets in Gaza: Army veterans reveal how they gunned down innocent Palestinian families and destroyed homes and farms

The lack of any work and the extreme poverty of the large extended families has drawn the boys and men to scavenge for broken concrete (‘gravel’) in the evacuated Eli Sinai ‘settlement’ and in the industrial zone by the Erez border control post at the northern limit of the ‘Strip’.  The factories of the industrial zone have been progressively demolished by Israeli shelling etc.  They are seen to the west as one enters Gaza through Erez.  A donkey and cart, shovel, pick, sieve, muscles and courage are the tools.  The rubble is used to make cement blocks and poured concrete with the cement that is imported  largely through the tunnels.  Many dozens of men and boys do this work for precious shekels in the shadow of manned watch towers and under ‘drones’ above.

The 23 boys who have been shot between 26/03/10 (Said H) and 23/12/10 (Hatem S) are listed in the table below with skeletal facts.  These points are made:-

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  • In 18 there were single shots and not automatic fire
  • The reported range in most cases confirms that the weapon was a sniper’s rifle in the hands of a sniper
  • Almost always there were many dozens of other men and boys at work; these victims were picked off
  • A leg was the target in most cases.  Where the leg was not the target it is likely the sniper was ‘aiming up’ so the flank, elbow etc was hit instead.
  • No weapons were being borne by the gravel workers so they posed no threat to the Israeli Occupation Force personnel.  Instead they were bending their backs to their menial work within their internment camp
  • The histories refer often to the recovery of the injured boy by friends and relatives under fire. This was a feature during ‘Cast Lead’ or instead the paramedics were barred from getting to the victims so they died without care.

The history of the injury and sequel for each boy are linked to in (1).  It has been done meticulously and the translation into English is perfect.  The pain, and often the terror, felt by the boy as the bullet struck home are vividly recorded.  No bullets have been recovered yet so the calibre/type is unknown.

  • How many boys will regain full, or nearly full function is difficult to judge without the radiographs being present.  Cases 3,4, 5,7,13 and 15 are likely to have joint involvement and thus some lifelong disability.
  • In cases 1 and 3 there is nerve injury.  If that proves to be an axonotmesis in either, it is possible that a first class repair will not be available in Gaza.
  • The fractures are open by definition and no doubt comminuted.  Delayed or non-union is possible.  Deep infection is a real risk, antibiotic therapy not withstanding.  The risk of deep infection relates to  a.  the possible inclusion of fabric  b.  the high energy injury causing irregular and wide devitalisation of the tissues  c.  the probability that these difficult bullet wounds were not laid open and a complete wound toilet performed.  One or two of these boys might end with an amputation.
  • Almost all the boys have been frightened off or forbidden from gravel work.  There are few, if any, other means of earning shekels.

The shooting to wound and kill Palestinians is relentless.  DCI-P notes that according to a UN study, between January 2009 and August 2010, at least 22 Palestinian civilians in Gaza have been killed and 146 injured in the arbitrary live fire zone adjacent to the border with Israel and imposed at sea. At least 27 of these civilians were children.  It also notes that the targeting of civilians is absolutely prohibited under international law, regardless of circumstances.

These quotations from the available stories convey a little of the poverty, the suffering and the courage:-

  • ‘The three of us would wake up every day at around 5:30am and leave to collect gravel. We were not the only ones doing this type of work.  Hundreds of youngsters aged between 13 and 22 used to work with us, despite the danger we faced because we were close to the Israeli border.’  Awad W- 3
  • The work was exhausting and dangerous. ‘Israeli soldiers would sometimes shoot at us, and sometimes shoot in the air to intimidate us,’ recalls Ibrahim .  ‘Sometimes they would                           shoot at the carts, horses and donkeys we used to move the gravel. But we had to do the work despite the dangers, because we didn’t have any other job to do.’  Ibrahim K- 4
  • Mohammad was taught by his neighbours to watch for birds flying away from the watch towers, as this was a sign to start running, as it meant soldiers were climbing into

the towers and the shooting would soon begin.  Mohammad M – 6

  • ‘They killed our three horses and one donkey in four months, and we had to spend the money we earned on replacing them.’ ….. ‘They were down on their stomachs pointing their rifles towards us, but they didn’t shoot. We got used to such things.’  Mohammad S – 11

Silence is complicity

References

  1. http://www.dci-pal.org/english/doc/press/UA_4_10_Children_of_the_Gravel_UPDATE_29_DEC_%202010(b).pdf
  2. http://www.haaretz.com/news/barak-hamas-will-pay-for-its-escalation-in-the-south-1.240417
  3. http://www.amnesty.org.uk/uploads/documents/doc_21083.pdf

I thank Gerard Horton and DCI-P for the availability and excellence of this information, and for supporting publication in a medical forum.  I also thank Dr Khamis Elessi in Gaza for information.

Conflict of interest:  I founded the Dove and Dolphin Charity 110119

<http://www.doveanddolphin.co.uk/>   with a voyage to Palestine 8 years ago and chair its trustees.  It attends to the welfare of children in Gaza in the main.  No pecuniary benefit is derived from this charity.

(David Halpin can be contacted via  <[email protected]>

His web site is <http://dhalpin.infoaction.org.uk/> )

FOOTNOTE

This paper was submitted to the Lancet and the British Medical Journal 4 January 2011 under the title ‘Ethical’.  The refusal from the latter is here:

BMJ/2011/850099

The methodical shooting of boys at work in Gaza by snipers of the Israeli Occupation Force

by David Sydney Halpin

Dear Mr. Halpin

Thank you for sending us your paper. We read it with interest but I regret to say that we have decided not to publish it in the BMJ.

Clearly soldiers shooting at children is awful, but we didn’t think your article gave a clear reason why we should be publishing it now. The information comes from the Defence for Children International (palestine section) website, there isn’t much context, there’s no description of the Israeli soldiers’ explanation for these events, and the article just sort of ends.

We receive over 8000 submissions a year and accept less than 10%. We do therefore have to make hard decisions on just how interesting an article will be to our general clinical readers, how much it adds, and how much practical value it will be.

I am sorry to disappoint you on this occasion.

An editor at the British Medical Journal

———————————————————————————————————————–

The methodical shooting of boys at work in Gaza by snipers of the Israeli Occupation Force

The methodical shooting of boys at work in Gaza by snipers of the Israeli Occupation Force

Number

Name

Age
Date of injury

Distance

from

border

metres
Injury
Activity
Single shot heard?
Hospital

Rx
Outcome
?Work again near Erez

or other
Date report made – Arabic to English

1 Said H

15 yrs
26/03/10
100
Deep and tranverse, lower L thigh
Searching for brother
Y
3 days
‘Toe will not work’ Persisting pain

Nerve injury
Lost 2 months training as plumber and car sprayer
27/10/10

2 Hasan W

17 yrs
22/05/10

300
Below R knee. ‘Shattered’

2 months in plaster
Gravel

(G)
Y then

repeated

shooting
Home same day

(HSD)
Cannot walk. Pain on movement.

‘.. not be able to collect gravel though family needs money’
01/09/10

3 Awad W

17 yrs

07/06/10
350
Shot in R knee
G
Y
HSD
Numbness Cannot walk as he used to.
Therapy from Doctors without Borders. Cannot work.
06/09/10

4 Ibrahim K 16 yrs
16/06/10
400
Shot in R knee
G
Y after

shooting
2 days
Pain in R leg
Forbidden by father to return to same work
16/09/10

5 Abdullah

M

16 yrs
22/06/10
60
Shot in R ankle
G
Y
HSD
Painful. ?Will be able to walk normally again
‘I will never collect gravel again.’
08/09/10

6 Mohammad

M 16 yrs
23/06/10
500
Shot in R flank
G

3 days
Very tired when he runs
Cannot work or play
30/09/10

7 Arafat S

16 yrs
10/07/10
50
Shot in R ankle
G
Y
HSD
Still some pain and a little limp

18/09/10

8 N’uman A

14 yrs
10/07/10
300
Shot R lower leg – not deep
G
Y
HSD

Forbidden by grandfather to return
20/09/10

9 Hameed O

13 yrs
14/07/10
50
L arm – not deep
G
Y
HSD
Occasional pain
No work. Forbidden by father to return
26/09/10

10 Khaled I

16 yrs
31/07/10

600
L thigh. ‘Cut artery and vein
G
Y

?Heavy machine gun
15 days

‘Considering what happened, not going to collect gravel again
27/09/10

11 Mohammad S

17 yrs
25/08/10
800
L thigh
G

HSD
Pain ‘I have nightmares about being shot by Israeli soldiers’
‘I don’t think of going to the dangerous places anymore’
30/09/10

12 Mahmoud J

16 yrs
07/10/10
450
R thigh. Bled profusely. Exit wound diameter 5 cms.
G
Y

?From tank or jeep

‘I wanted to buy two pigeons and raise them on the rooftop of my house. I will never go back to that place.’
27/10/10

13 Ahmad H

17 yrs
13/10/10
600 –

700
R foot/sankle ‘Big hole in my foot – 4 cms with small hole other side
G
Y

16/10/10

14 Yahia Z

16 yrs
14/10/10
450
R lower leg
G
Y
HSD

‘I will never go back to the industrial zone even if I starve to death.’
16/10/10

15 Shamekh D

15 yrs
27/11/10
150
L foot
G
Y
Operated

BK cast
Awaited

02/12/10

16 Mokhles M

15 yrs
28/11/10
500
L lower leg
G
Y
?Op

BK cast

‘I’ll wait for my wound to heal before I go back to collect gravel.’
02/12/10

17 Belal L

16 yrs

04/12/10
600
L leg
G
Y

plus a second shot into the L leg of his 22 yr old cousin
Fractured in two places. External fixation above and below knee
‘I still feel pain in my leg,’ says Belal, ‘and I don’t know whether I will walk again or

not.’
‘I have come under fire several times from Israeli soldiers guarding the border. Once they shot and killed our horse.’’ Belal’s older brother Nedal (24) has been shot four times whilst collecting gravel,

‘three times in the left leg and once in the right leg,’ says Belal.
08/12/10

18 Suhaib M

16 yrs
10/12/10
250
Through and through,

just below L knee. Exit wound 5 cms diameter
Wood
Y
‘Bullet exploded in leg.’

Long cast.

‘I don’t know if I

will be able to walk again,’ says Suhaib, ‘but certainly I will never go back to collecting gravel.’
18/12/10

19 Rasmi G

15 yrs
10/12/10
200
R lower leg. Fractured tibia

G
Y
External fixation
In Kamal Udwan hospital
‘I still feel great pain in my leg and don’t know whether I will walk again or not.’
15/12/10

20 Fadi H

17 yrs
13/12/10
500
Below L knee
Goatherd
4 shots
HSD
Moving about at 2 days

28/12/10

21 Rami

17 yrs

21/12/10
400
R lower leg
G
Y
HSD

Will collect G again. ‘What can I do?’ Disabled

father. Large family
28/12/10

22 Mahmoud S

17 yrs
23/12/10
400
R elbow
G
Gun-shots
HSD

‘For the record, I will never go back to collecting gravel for it’s a death profession.’
29/12/10

23 Hatem S

17 yrs
23/12/10
800
Head – back of.

Embedded ‘shrapnel’ from bullet
Collect

‘straws’
Gun-shots
HSD
Headache plus nausea

29/12/10

Global Research Articles by David Halpin

David S. Halpin : Retired orthopaedic and trauma surgeon age 70.  Fighting for justice for the Palestinian people since 2002.  Fighting for justice in many other places as well, including for an inquest into Dr David Kelly’s unnatural death.  Chartered a ship and sailed to Palestine in February 2003.  This, the Voyage of the Dove and the Dolphin, was a cry for Palestine and a great shout against the looming war on Iraq.  Founded the charity of the same name.  Been back to Gaza 8x since.  On the 10th attempt, two days into the greater shoah, I was on the Dignity when it was rammed 30 December 2008, with the clear intention of drowning the 16 of us.  Planning to enter Gaza again this spring via Rafah having been barred via Erez by Israel.

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