Palestinian Statehood : A First Step Toward Sovereignty?


Sovereignty and a New Reality: Palestinian Statehood at the United Nations


By Jessica Gabriel / CNI


Ambassador Areikat  spoke to the question of why the PLO is only now bringing this request to the UN – stating that US President Barack Obama’s speech at the UN General Assembly in September 2010 served as a point of encouragement for the action.

With little fanfare and understated ease, the Ambassador of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) to the United States spoke in Washington, DC on Tuesday.  The event, entitled “Sovereignty and a New Reality: Palestinian Statehood at the United Nations”, took place at the Palestine Center, a part of the Jerusalem Fund.

Amb. Maen Areikat

The panel also included Professor John B. Quigley, a law professor at Ohio State University.  Together, he and Ambassador Maen R. Areikat spoke to the request for Palestinian statehood that is expected to be brought to the United Nations in September.

Professor Quigley took the podium first, outlining the legal framework of a request for membership in the UN.  This included a description of the possible scenarios that could occur, including a request made to the Secretary General that then goes through the Security Council and then the General Assembly.

Quigley took care to mention that the drafting process of the UN Charter indicates that the General Assembly has to consider the Security Council recommendation but could possibly act of its own accord.  Therefore, any decision on membership would be made by the General Assembly.  This would create a space in which the Palestinians may find a little breathing room from the pressures of the US veto power.

Furthermore, Quigley clarified the meaning of the term ‘state’ itself, specifically noting that when an entity is accepted by other states as a state, then it is a state.  He acknowledged that Palestine does, in that sense, already constitute a state, based on recognition by Brazil, Argentina, and Uruguay.

Ambassador Areikat focused on the political implications of UN membership.  Areikat stressed that in this act, the Palestinians are not looking for recognition or a unilateral decision – rather, they are simply seeking admission to and legitimacy in the international arena.

“The cost of the occupation is being subsidized by the international community,” Areikat said.  However, he emphasized that this move on the part of the Palestinians is “not delegitimizing Israel, but legitimizing Palestine.”

The question and answer portion of the event revealed further details, including an affirmation of the PLO concession to return to 1967 borders, as well as a response to the notion of dissolving the PA if UN membership goes through.  “It has provided Palestinians with a foundation for statehood,” Areikat mused, recognizing that the absence of the PA would create a political and security vacuum and uncertainty as to who would fill that vacuum.

Areikat also spoke to the question of why the PLO is only now bringing this request to the UN – stating that US President Barack Obama’s speech at the UN General Assembly in September 2010 served as a point of encouragement for the action.

As some may recall, the following is an excerpt of what President Obama said in that speech: “We should reach for what’s best within ourselves.  If we do, when we come back here next year, we can have an agreement that will lead to a new member of the United Nations – an independent, sovereign state of Palestine, living in peace with Israel.”

President Obama’s words and the very recent admission of South Sudan into the UN have both set the stage for this moment.  Needless to say, as the end of July deadline for the submission of the request approaches, the eyes of the Palestinians – and the world – will be watching.

For details and video coverage of the event, see:

VIDEO: Sovereignty and a New Reality: Vote for Palestinian Statehood

This lecture examines the September Palestinian Statehood vote at the United Nations and the implications its result will have on Palestine, israel and the Arab world.

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Research from V. Bilo and co-researchers yields new findings on computers.

Computer Weekly News July 1, 2010 According to a study from Italy, “We study a multicast game in non-cooperative directed networks in which a source sends the same message or service to a set of r receiving users and the cost of the used links is divided among the receivers according to a given cost sharing method. By following the approach recently proposed by Chen et al. (Proceedings of the 19th Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms (SODA), pp. 854-863, 2008), we analyze the performances of a family of methods satisfying certain desiderata, namely, weak and strong budget-balance, fairness and separability.” “We show that any fair method may require an arbitrary number of selfish moves in order to converge to a pure Nash equilibrium, hence we focus on the solutions obtained after one round of selfish moves. We evaluate their quality according to two global social functions: the overall cost of the solution and the maximum shared cost of users. The only method satisfying all the properties is the well-known Shapley value for which we show an approximation ratio of the solutions reached after a one round walk equal to I similar to(r (2)). We then prove that relaxing the strong budget balance and separability properties (we call feasible any method satisfying weak budget balance and fairness) leads to improved performances since we determine a feasible method achieving an approximation ratio of the solutions reached after a one round walk equal to O(r),” wrote V. Bilo and colleagues. go to website bilo weekly ad

The researchers concluded: “This bound is asymptotically optimal since we also show that any method satisfying weak budget balance cannot achieve an approximation ratio of the solutions reached after a one round walk smaller than r. Finally, we prove the NP-hardness of computing the sequence of moves leading to the best possible global performance and extend most of the results to undirected networks.” Bilo and colleagues published their study in Theory of Computing Systems (Designing Fast Converging Cost Sharing Methods for Multicast Transmissions. Theory of Computing Systems, 2010;47(2):507-530). go to web site bilo weekly ad

For more information, contact L. Moscardelli, University of Aquila, Dipartimento Informat, Via Vetoio, I-67100 Laquila, Italy.

Publisher contact information for the journal Theory of Computing Systems is: Springer, 233 Spring St., New York, NY 10013, USA.


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