The Lost Era of American Greatness

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by Ed Mattson

 

For the entire week I have been writing about what Tom Brokaw calls The Greatest Generation and the vast difference between Hollywood-America of the 1940’s and 1950’s and today.

From Amazon, the following review tells it all, “In this superb book, Tom Brokaw goes out into America, to tell through the stories of individual men and women the story of a generation, America’s citizen heroes and heroines who came of age during the Great Depression and the Second World War and went on to build modern America. This generation was united not only by a common purpose, but also by common values–duty, honor, economy, courage, service, love of family and country, and, above all, responsibility for oneself. In this book, you will meet people whose everyday lives reveal how a generation persevered through war, and were trained by it, and then went on to create interesting and useful lives and the America we have today”.

Any view of history will draw reaction from those who view life differently from our own view. The replies I have received from just reporting about Mr. Brokaw’s observation is proof positive that history is viewed in 20-20 hindsight and that the generations that have followed the last sixty years have seemingly lost America’s moral compass. I will address this in my last article on the subject on Monday.

Perhaps those who have served in the military, to whatever degree, might be a better judge of the greatness of the greatest generation than those who have only reaped the fruits of their efforts. How else could anyone profess that we were wrong to have stood up against tyranny? How else can anyone say that the threat to global freedom and the goal of ethnic cleansing were not worthy of American blood? The interesting point here is that Hollywood, nearly in its entirety, reflects the loss of America’s greatness more than any other example one could find.

The Varga Girls - They donned the fuselages of many of our warplanes in WWI and accompanied our airmen into battle

 The famous Varga Girl pinups, which graced many of the warplanes,  the factory workers (many of them women like Norman Rockwell’s Rosie the Riveter), rich and poor, old and young, the nation came together in its time of need, and provided the strength and resources required to lead the Allies to victory. Everyone sacrificed and everyone did their part.

In New York’s theater world, playwright Rachel Crothers, with more than 30 plays to her credit and arguably one of the first feminist leaders, founded the Stage Women’s Relief during World War I, and in 1940 took the lead in organizing the American Theatre Wing that ran the Stage Door Canteen for service people during World War II. She along with others, from Tallulah Bankhead, Bette Davis, Lynn Fontaine, Helen Hayes, Katharine Hepburn, Hedy Lamarr, Gypsy Rose Lee, Ethel Merman, and the Andrews sisters, raised money for the war effort. In spite of this pedigree, it is ironic that in the Sixties and Seventies, the same American Theater Wing gave rise to many of stars of the entertainment world that have grown-up to become diametrically opposed to that spirit of national unity and American greatness, including self-proclaimed socialist Edward Asner.

Of the many of the entertainers and celebrities that that went off to fight the war some really did become heroes, though in my eyes, anyone who joined the cause was a hero.

Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. – U.S. Navy … In 1941, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt appointed him a special envoy to South America but he was later commissioned a Reserve Officer in the U.S. Navy and assigned to Lord Mountbatten’s Commando staff in England. Additionally, he served on a battleship and as a commando raider and helped to organize the forerunners of today’s Navy SEAL’s. For his planning the diversion-deception operations and his part in the amphibious assault on Southern France, Lieutenant Commander Fairbanks was awarded the U.S. Navy’s Legion of Merit with bronze V (for valor), the Italian War Cross for Military Valor, the French Legion d’Honneur and the Croix de Guerre with Palm, and the British Distinguished Service Cross. He was also made an Honorary Knight Commander of the British Empire (KBE) in 1949.

Henry Fonda – U.S. Navy … Served aboard the destroyer USS Saterlee as a Quartermaster 3rd Class. He was commissioned as a Lieutenant Junior Grade (O-2) in Air Combat Intelligence and for his service in the Central Pacific, he won the Bronze Star, the fourth highest award for bravery or meritorious service in conflict with the enemy. The Bronze Star was awarded for “meritorious service as Assistant Operations Officer and Air Combat Intelligence Officer… during operations against enemy Japanese forces from May 12, 1944 to August 12, 1945. Displaying professional ability and untiring energy, Lieutenant Fonda rendered valuable assistance in planning and executing air operations which effectively… neutralized hostile installations on nearby enemy-held islands and atolls”. Tell me please…did the apples fall very far from the tree in the Fonda family?

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Glenn Ford – US Coast Guard; U.S. Marine Corps USMC; and US Naval Reserve (Captain) … In the Marine Corps those who enlist, work their way through the enlistment ranks, and then become commissioned offices are referred to as “Mustangs”, a prestigious title of accomplishment. Following the war Ford went into the Navel Reserve program, and little known to the Hollywood crowd or to the public for that matter, went off to Vietnam in 1967, though at that point the war was still relatively popular.

He did two tours and became a scout for combat scenes in a training film entitled Global Marine. He traveled with a combat camera crew from the demilitarized zone south to the Mekong Delta. For his service in Vietnam, the Navy awarded him a Navy Commendation Medal.

Receiving recognition was something Mr. Ford never bragged about, they just came with the territory. His World War II decorations are as follows: American Campaign Medal, Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal, World War II Victory Medal. He also earned his Rifle Marksman Badge, and the U.S. Marine Corps Reserve Medal. He retired from the Naval Reserve in the 1970’s at the rank of captain.

Later in life he received unexpected recognition and was the only actor to have served with both the Green Berets and the French Foreign Legion. For that service he was awarded commendations from governments overseas including the Chevalier of the Legion of Honor, a decoration rarely given to Americans by French President Mitterand, and a special recognition by The French Counsel General citing him for courageous service to the French people during World War II.

Clark Gable – U.S. Army Air Corps … Enlisted in 1942 at age 41. Volunteered for combat duty and flew missions over Germany. Earned the Distinguished Flying Cross and the Air Medal. That might be a byline for many military men, but the film star of Gone with the Wind, like in real life, was something special. A hero, yes, but more than that to his flight crew.

He volunteered for the Army Air Forces, went to the 13-week Officer Candidate School, and was trained as a photographer and aerial gunner. Because of his Hollywood connection, he was made a part of the First Motion Picture Unit (FMPU) which was commanded by movie executive and producer Jack Warner, who was recruited as a major and rose to the rank of colonel. Flight operations were commanded by “Hollywood Pilot” Major Paul Mantz, famous for his stunt flying in films. Other FMPU stalwarts included Alan Ladd, Ronald Reagan and Van Heflin.

Few of those in FMPU went overseas, but Gable was assigned to go to Britain to film Combat America, a propaganda movie about air gunners, but once is the seat of the action, Gable jumped at the chance to become a real part of the war and fly bombing missions. Many said it was a death wish over his break-up with Lombard, but heroics just seemed to run in his blood. Gable and a cameramen and sound engineer followed the crew of a B-17, named “Ain’t It Gruesome,” through 24 missions, including one where the aircraft was shot up by German fighters and lost an engine, with Clark and the crew eventually bailing over a field in England.

Chrystopher J. Spicer, an Australian scholar who has scrutinized Gable’s career, is quoted as saying, “They were very real missions in which he could have been wounded or killed. His film Combat America makes a valuable contribution to our historical knowledge of the war from the flyer’s perspective these days.” By the fall of 1943 Gable’s crew had exposed 50,000 feet of film and rumor has it, Germany’s Hermann Goering offered a sizeable cash reward to his Luftwaffe pilots if they could shoot down Gable’s B-17,

The list of Hollywood’s greatest actors who served and survived the war effort would be tabloid headlines in today’s media, but they were just doing their duty for the love of country…Nothing more and nothing less. The bravery and heroism displayed were taken in stride by these and many Americans and goes to show how much we have changed as a country. Many blame it on the poisoning of politics, others on the degradation of society, but like all true Americans, we are hoping and yes, even praying, the torch can be passed from the “Greatest Generation” to the current generation. It can only happen if the entire political quagmire in Washington and destructive course on which we as a country are traveling, can be turned around. Then they will have earned the title of The Greatest Generation.

Two Indian movies to screen at Venice film festival website indian movies online

Hindustan Times (New Delhi, India) July 30, 2010 Chennai, July 30 — Two Indian movies will screen at the 67th Venice Film Festival, opening on September 1. Mani Ratnam’s Raavan in Hindi and Anurag Kashyap’s The Girl in Yellow Boots will play in out-of-Competition slots. Ratnam, who will be honoured by the Festival with the Jaeger-LeCoultre Glory to the Filmmaker Award, has already has premiered his movie in India, though to poor box-office returns and unflattering reviews. Both Abhishek Bachchan and wife Aishwarya Rai were panned for their below average performances.

It is the Tamil version of Ratnam’s work, Raavanan, that attracted somewhat kinder reviews and also did commercially better than the one in Hindi. An important reason for this was Vikram’s engaging style and markedly better acting skills than Bachchan’s. Yet, Venice has chosen to show the Hindi edition.

Gautaman Bhaskaran Kashyap will be at Venice for the second consecutive year: last year, he had Dev D and Gulaal on the Lido, the island off mainland Venice that hosts the 11-day cinematic event every autumn. Rakeysh Omprakash Mehra’s Delhi 6 was the third Indian entry last time, and all three films played outside the main Competition.

The Girl in Yellow Boots stars Kashyap’s girlfriend, Kalki Koechlin, Naseeruddin Shah, Gulshan Devaiya, Shivkumar Subramaniam, Divya Jagdale, Kumud Mishra and Kartik Krishnan among others. The movie has been written by Kashyap and Koechlin.

The plot, not exactly novel, centres on Ruth (Koechlin), searching for a father she has hardly seen, but cannot forget. Driven to desperation, she begins working without a legal permit in a Mumbai massage parlour, and Kashyap uses the city with its dark and forbidding underbelly to show how Ruth gets sucked into it.

World Premiers The Festival will have 79 world premieres, including Kashyap’s work. The American contingent is ample, the European stack will be robust and the Asian representations are significant. All this will add up to a “meticulously calibrated mix of classic auteur and genre fare, plus more esoteric offerings”. web site indian movies online

Julian Schnabel’s Israel-Palestine conflict narrative Miral Sofia Coppola’s father-daughter work Somewhere Monte Hellman’s noir Road to Nowhere, Vincent Gallo’s suicide drama Promises Written in Water, and Kelly Reichardt’s Oregon Trail period piece Meek’s Cutoff will vie for the prestigious Golden Lion.

Among Europe’s celebrated helmers will be Abdellatif Kechiche, Francois Ozon and Tom Tykwer, and the Asian canvas will project the films of Tsui Hark, Takashi Miike and Tran Anh Hung, among others.

Darren Aronofsky’s psychological thriller Black Swan, with Natalie Portman in the role of a New York City ballet dancer, will open Venice. The movie, one of the 22 competing entries, also stars Winona Ryder, Vincent Cassel and Mila Kunis.

With an austerity drive in place on the Lido and no grand opening night party, the inaugural evening will unspool two more films: Robert Rodriguez’s action picture Machete, and Andrew Lau’s martial-arts story Legend of the Fist: The Return of Chen Zen” America will compensate for its poor show Cannes this May with six movies in Competition and 13 more in the other sections. Affleck’s The Town, in which the actor essays a bank robber, Martin Scorsese and Kent Jones’ Elia Kazan tribute documentary A Letter to Elia, Casey Affleck’s directorial debut, I’m Still Here: the Lost Year of Joaquin Phoenix, John Turturro’s love letter to Neapolitan music, Passione and Julie Taymor’s gender-bending The Tempest, with Helen Mirren that will close the Festival on September 11 are some of the Venetian gems.

The titles to look forward to from Europe include Kechiche’s Black Venus, the true tale of 19th-century South African tribeswoman Sarah Baartman “who, due to her oversize physical features, was displayed as a naked circus freak”; Ozon’s Potiche, a comedy starring Catherine Deneuve and Gerard Depardieu and Tom Tykwer’s love triangle Three that takes place in Berlin. Another triangular affair to be seen is Spanish cult auteur Alex de la Iglesia’s A Sad Trumpet Ballad, where two clowns fall in love with the same woman trapeze artist.

Asia will present cult Japanese director Miike’s samurai swashbuckler Thirteen Assassins, Hong Kong helmer Hark’s period mystery thriller Detective Dee and the Mystery of Phantom Flame and Andrew Lau’s martial arts flick Legend of the Fist: The Return of Chen Zen.

One will also get to see two 3D films: The Child’s Eye by Hong Kong’s Pang Brothers and Shock Labyrinth by Japan’s Takashi Shimizu.

Published by HT Syndication with permission from Hindustan Times. For more information on news feed please contact Sarabjit Jagirdar at [email protected] 123

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