NEO – USA has become Oligarchy – Not a Democracy



Princeton makes it official — US has become Oligarchy, Not a Democracy

… by  F. William Engdahl,     …with  New Eastern Outlook,  Moscow


The seven golden domes of St. Petersburg
The seven golden domes of St. Petersburg

[ Editor’s noteWilliam Engdahl brings us an early Christmas present, not one that was on any of our lists, but a gift none the less from him and his alma mater Princeton.

It seems Princeton has put the academic kibosh on the notion that we have any real democracy left in this country, only what has not been taken from us yet, to keep us in the game.

I had not known that William had been to Princeton. I certainly never made Ivy League but was fortunate like he was to have a mother who wanted the best education possible for her kids.

Out of the blue, she pulled me out of high school and into a local Ivy League prep school with kids with names like Ford, Bordens, and European aristocrats that I can’t even remember now.

The tuition was kept low for the 15 or so day-students, so we dipped into my college savings fund, which had been building since I began working when I was ten. She had matched what I had put in with a blank check promise to come up with whatever was needed if I pulled the grades.

I was able to tough out the challenging Jr. high year of adjustment, which included six school days each week and three major sports. And yes, I continued working in a New England inn as a dish and pot washer three nights a week, something which no one had ever done before, as it was not considered possible to do both and keep up.

But fortune smiled and got a scholarship for my senior year and life was changed forever.

That was the peak of the Vietnam years, my brother pulling night ambush patrols in the Delta, and would end up in Arlington Cemetery when he was 54.

It was the time of lottery numbers, the Cambodian invasion, Kent State, and everyone sent home from college with B grades but me.

I had dropped out with a medical withdrawal from a bad car wreck a few weeks before. When I later tried to get retroactively included, they told me “tough doo doo”.

And so this Princeton study gives us the “tough doo” news, but sadly limited to the political realm of oligarch power. Left out was anything about the kleptocracy, the wars and the rise of the New World Odor. But I guess that grant was not that big, as that is a lot to coverJim W. Dean ]



–  First published  …  November 11, 2014  –


Engdahl protesterAmerican media is fond of speaking about “Russian Oligarchs” as if Russia were the only nation that allowed accumulation of such unprecedented wealth.

The Yeltsin days of dis-order and collapse indeed saw the rapid rise of many fortunes and oligarchs — persons of very much wealth. Some of them have proven patriotic citizens, some like Khodokorvsky or the late unlamented Boris Berezhovsky proved to be loveless gangsters.

A new study, however by a Princeton University Professor of the influence of very wealthy or economically powerful persons on American political policies makes clear for the first time that a genuine American Oligarchy has staged a slow coup d’état over US foreign and domestic policy over the past three decades since the era of Ronald Reagan. This American oligarchy today is the major force for war and dis-order across the planet.

I completed by undergraduate university studies in one of America’s most elite universities, Princeton. It was during the early 1960’s and classmates came from elite preparatory private schools like Andover or Exeter. Classmates with names like Firestone or Prince Faisal were attending.

Then tuition cost $650 a year, the price I paid for my used 1956 Chevy. I was only able to pay that because I was awarded a full university scholarship, raised by a working mother with modest income.

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Today tuition for one year at Princeton costs $41,820. Princeton speaks of money and elite families. So I noted with great interest a new study published by two Princeton professors on wealth in America since 1981.

Princeton professor and author, Martin Gilens
Princeton professor and author, Martin Gilens

Martin Gilens is Professor of Politics at Princeton University together with Benjamin I. Page, Professor at Northwestern University, have published results of a unique analysis “using a unique data set that includes measures of the key variables for 1,779 policy issues.”

The study concludes that, “Multivariate analysis indicates that economic elites and organized groups representing business interests have substantial independent impacts on US government policy, while average citizens and mass-based interest groups have little or no independent influence. The results provide substantial support for theories of EconomicElite Domination…”

Their study further concluded,

“When the preferences of economic elites and the stands of organized interest groups are controlled for, the preferences of the average American appear to have only a minuscule, near-zero, statistically non-significant impact upon public policy.”

Finally they conclude,

“…Our analyses suggest that majorities of the American public actually have little influence over the policies our government adopts. Americans do enjoy many features central to democratic governance, such as regular elections, freedom of speech and association, and a widespread (if still contested) franchise. But we believe that if policymaking is dominated by powerful business organizations and a small number of affluent Americans, then America’s claims to being a democratic society are seriously threatened.”

Benjamin I. Page, Professor at Northwestern
Benjamin I. Page, Professor at Northwestern

In a subsequent media interview, Gilens noted what they concluded in their analysis of volumes of data from 1981-2002 for government policy decisions and the role of elites versus ordinary citizens in some 1,800 different policy initiatives:

“One central factor is the role of money in our political system, and the overwhelming role that affluent individuals that affluent individuals and organized interests play, in campaign finance and in lobbying.

And the second thing is the lack of mass organizations that represent and facilitate the voice of ordinary citizens. Part of that would be the decline of unions in the country which has been quite dramatic over the last 30 or 40 years. And part of it is the lack of a socialist or a worker’s party.”

The study verifies with ample empirical data what I have witnessed during the course of my own life as an American over the past four decades. There has been a silent coup d’etat of the monied class, an American oligarchy.

John Rarick on Council on Foreign Relations
John Rarick on Council on Foreign Relations

Names such as Bill Gates, Warren Buffett, David Rockefeller, Sheldon Adelson (main financier of Mitt Romney for President), the Koch Brothers (main financiers of the Tea Party political movement), George H.W. Bush and family.

The top 1% have reshaped the fundamentals of American life, culture and above all politics. A decision to wage war today against Iraq, Afghanistan or Syria depends not on the will of average Americans.

Obama was elected on a pledge to close the US Army torture center at Guantanamo and six years on has yet to do. He won a Nobel Peace Prize in his first month and proceeded to wage more war in Afghanistan, Egypt, Libya and most recently Syria and Ukraine.

It is important to have this in mind when judging “America.” The United States of America today bears little resemblance to that I knew when I grew up in the early 1960’s, when a used good Chevy cost $650 and college tuition could be afforded by ordinary Americans if they were willing to study.

The oligarchy that has taken policy control behind a thin façade of “democracy” has ultimately ruined the industrial and social fabric of the United States.

They are the ones behind the Trans-Atlantic Trade and Investment Partnership, or bank deregulation so they can loot the planet. This new study by Princeton’s Prof. Gilens is a refreshing attempt, even if academic and from one of the most elite academic universities, to shed some light on what is fundamentally wrong with America over the past three decades.

F. William Engdahl is a strategic risk consultant and lecturer, holding a degree in politics from Princeton University and is a best-selling author on oil and geopolitics, exclusively for the online magazine “New Eastern Outlook.”

Editing:  Jim W. Dean  and  Erica P. Wissinger



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