Out of all the medical conditions, high blood pressure is one of the most commonly found blood-related disorders across the globe in individuals of all ages. Understanding how high blood pressure works or why it occurs is the only way you can understand its symptoms and find ways to diagnose the problem to live a healthy lifestyle.
If you have recently been diagnosed with hypertension, then you have come to the right spot. Today in this article, we are going to be discussing high blood pressure in detail, explaining how it works, its symptoms, and ways to lower it down. So let us go ahead and discuss everything in detail so you can have a better understanding of your condition.
What is High Blood Pressure?
In medical terms, high blood pressure is known as hypertension as well. High blood pressure, as the name suggests, is a condition in which your blood pressure increases to unhealthy levels due to the constriction of blood vessels. The measurement of your blood pressure determines the amount of blood that is being pumped by your heart to the blood vessels.
It also takes into account the amount of resistance the blood has to meet while passing through the blood vessels. This means the narrower your blood vessels are, the more resistance the blood will face, which will indirectly increase your blood pressure over time.
Unlike many medical conditions, hypertension is not a one-time thing. Instead, the condition develops over the years due to inherited genes, other medical conditions, and your lifestyle. Detecting hypertension in its earliest stage is usually complicated, as one can hardly notice any symptoms related to it. But it is important to keep track of your blood pressure as overtime hypertension can cause long-term damage to your blood vessels, eyes, heart, brain, and kidneys.
In most cases, the first attack of hypertension is on your heart. Since to pump blood through your vessels, the heart has to put in more energy; therefore, it gets damaged over time. It is highly important that you regularly keep track of your increased blood pressure and see a physician right away in case the elevated levels remain consistent.
Causes of High Blood Pressure
It is practically impossible for your doctor to pinpoint the exact cause behind hypertension since several factors contribute to it. So identifying one is not possible at present. But according to different types of research carried out by professionals, here are the major factors that play a major role;
- Gene Mutation and Abnormalities
- Emotional and Physical Changes in Your Body
- Unhealthy Lifestyle choices
- Unclean environment
- Other Medical Conditions
Although a serious medical condition, unlike the others, hypertension is generally silent. Many individuals suffering from it for years have zero clue of what is happening until something major hits them. Everyone goes through different symptoms based on their condition, but here are a few of the most common severe conditions which might suggest that you are suffering from hypertension.
- Visual changes
- Neurological symptoms
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain
- Blood in the urine
Waiting for these symptoms to hit isn’t the best idea. It is always better to take precautions and detect the condition before it leads to any fatal damage. So make sure to check your blood pressure regularly, especially if someone in your family is suffering from it already, as it could be inherited. Keep constant track of your blood pressure and consult the doctor right away in case something pops up, or you experience a severe symptom.
Treatment for High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure can be a headache, especially in the later stage. Combating hypertension can be a bit of an issue since there is no immediate way to get relief from the symptoms. One needs to adopt certain life changes to lower the blood pressure and keep control throughout the day. Here are a few ways which can help treat hypertension.
Initially, in the case of primary hypertension, your doctor would recommend certain changes in your lifestyle. However, in case your condition worsens, you might need to opt for medication to combat your symptoms. Here a few types of medication that are used commonly;
- ACE inhibitors
- Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs)
- Calcium channel blockers
- Alpha-2 agonists
Other than prescription medication, individuals nowadays also use herbs such as CBD and Green Malay Kratom to fight hypertension. Although no studies at present have proven their effectiveness, these herbs have been used for centuries by the locals because of their anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, and pain-relieving properties.
2. Healthy Diet
The best way out of all to manage your condition and reduce the risk of permanent damage is to opt for a healthier diet. The things that you eat determine the nutrients that flow through your blood. Eating healthy ensures that only essential and healthy nutrients are your energy source, whereas eating unhealthy suggests that along with the healthy nutrients, many germs and free-radicals are also entering your body and causing it harm.
So to avoid long-term high blood pressure complications such as heart attack, stroke, or other systematic problems, it is best to opt for a healthier diet based on;
- Vegetables – especially greens
- Whole grain
- Cut back on the meat
- Natural foods
- Lean proteins
3. Physical Activity
Physical activity has been known to help with several medical conditions, including hypertension. Indulging yourself into a balanced workout allows you to fight your obesity (which is also a cause behind hypertension), manage your stress, and lower your blood pressure naturally. Furthermore, it also helps boost your cardiovascular and immune system, making you stronger altogether.
4. Managing Stress
Stress is also a leading cause behind hypertension, which is why you might feel as if your heart is pounding faster than ever, everything you are stressed out. This is because, under stress, your body releases a surge of hormones that lead to the narrowing of blood vessels. Therefore to pump blood through them, your heart automatically begins to pound faster – ultimately leading to high blood pressure.
Therefore, you need to manage your stress by engaging in stress-relieving activities such as meditation, yoga, massage, deep breathing, etc. Furthermore, try to get more sleep, relax, and think about better feelings to keep the stress level down.
5. Organic Lifestyle
To combat hypertension, it is important to bring a huge change in your lifestyle. If you are a smoker, you should stop right away because the nicotine in your cigarettes can harden your vessels and damage your body tissues. Similarly, cut back on alcohol as it can be a leading cause behind hypertension.
Other than that, move to a cleaner and more natural environment if possible. Maybe change your workplace as well if you are exposed to chemicals and smoke too much. Furthermore, go for organic meals and not the artificially cooked and preserved meals as they can contain certain harmful ingredients.
These are only a few of the ways which can help. Other than these, multiple others vary from person to person based on their condition and the intensity of hypertension. Consult your doctor to figure out the best ways to keep your blood pressure controlled at all times.